Alexander III the Peacemaker
The Historical Museum opens an exhibition dedicated to the 175th anniversary of the birth of Emperor Alexander III, one of the most iconic rulers of Russia. "Alexander III was given a little over 13 years of reign. During this time he tried to lead Russia out of its disastrous political and economic situation, while at the same time setting the task of preserving and strengthening autocratic power. The Emperor in every possible way encouraged interest in the history of his own country, tried to maintain the spirit of national self-awareness, patriotic feelings and pride for his Fatherland. The purpose of our exhibition is to reveal the image of Alexander III both as a sovereign and as a person", — says Alexey Levykin, director of the Historical Museum. One of the central themes of the exhibition is the state activity of Alexander III. The main priority of the Emperor’s foreign policy was to preserve peace for Russia — for 13 years the country did not participate in armed conflicts. The archival documents displayed for the first time will reflect the complex process of solving the Empire's foreign policy problems in Europe, the Balkans and the Far East. Despite the peace policy Alexander III paid great attention to the issue of strengthening power of the Army and Navy — "the only allies of Russia". The exhibition will present samples of firearms and until recently secret evidence of the Emperor's strategic intentions regarding the Black Sea Fleet. Economic growth and cultural prosperity were important results of domestic policy. During the reign of Alexander III the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway, the largest transport project in world history, was started. The exhibition will present the watercolor panorama by artist P. Y. Pyasetsky, where it will be possible to see the stages of construction of the Siberian Railway, as well as a whole complex of memorial objects related to this event. The Emperor was the patron of Russian culture and science. He was one of the founders of the Historical Museum — the first Museum of national history of Russia. A special place in the exposition is occupied by memorial objects, which reveal the Emperor’s personality, his world view, human qualities and family relations. Among the exhibits are school notebooks and report cards, children's weapons and a desk chair from the study in the Anichkov Palace, family photos and items from the Emperor's personal collections, as well as paintings by outstanding Russian artists V. A. Serov, V. E. Makovsky and N. D. Dmitriev-Orenburgsky.